(Rapaport…January 29, 2003) A resolution in support of the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme was unanimously approved by the United Nations Security Council on January 28, 2003.
In the resolution, the Security Council backed the ongoing process to stamp out “conflict diamonds” and stated the process is “a valuable contribution against trafficking in conflict diamonds.”
The resolution urged all Member States to actively participate in the process and “welcomed the voluntary system of industry self-regulation,” to trace all rough diamond origins and transactions.
The Security Council is concerned that the illicit diamond trade fuels armed conflicts which compromise international peace and security.
Reflecting these concerns, the Council decided to re-instate an expert panel of five members to monitor Liberia’s compliance with sanctions, initially imposed in March 2001.
The sanctions were placed in response to Liberia’s support of the Revolutionary United Front (RUF), who funded its war with Sierra Leone through the sale of diamonds. The Council decided that Liberia has failed to halt its support of the RUF and other rebel groups in the region.